Macular Degeneration

‘Macula’ is the center of your retina. If you can read this text, then say thank you to your macula. This particular organ is responsible for our central, and detailed vision. It allows us to distinguish faces, drive a vehicle, and do many other activities which require the best of vision. Age-related macular degeneration, often referred to as AMD, is a medical condition that usually affects older adults. This vision-stealing disease is the result of degeneration to the macula. It results in a loss of vision in the center of the visual field because of the damage to the retina. It occurs in dry and wet forms and is the leading cause of blindness and visual impairment in adults over the age of 50.

Macular Degeneration Test

If you can’t properly read, drive, recognise faces, and see fine details in any picture; you are certainly losing your central vision. These problems may occur due to a group of degenerative diseases, known as macular degeneration (MD). Unfortunately, there is no cure for the MD but early detection can stop or slow down the process of ‘vision loss’. Effectiveness of the MD treatment also depends on the type of diseases (wet, dry, and other forms) and their stage.

Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD)

This is one of the most common eye conditions, especially among people age 50 and older. As AMD progresses, one can notice a blurred area near the center of eye. Over the time, this blurred area grows larger and turns into blank spots. Consequently, objects also don’t appear as bright as they used to be. Following category of people are more prone to the AMD disease:

  • Caucasian people
  • People with a family history of AMD

Dry Macular Degeneration

This is one of the most common age-related macular degeneration. It causes damage in the center of the vision. It occurs due to deterioration of macula – center of the retina. It may worsen the life of patients by causing a blind spot or a blurred central vision in your central vision. Some of the symptoms of dry macular degeneration include:

  • Need for brighter light while you read or drive
  • Difficulty in low light, such as uneasiness when you enter a dimly lit restaurant
  • Blurriness of printed words
  • Difficulty in recognizing faces
  • Increase in haziness of your central vision
  • Blind or blurred spot in the center of eye
  • Hallucinations of geometric shapes

Macular Degeneration Treatment

In July 2010, the United States FDA had approved an implantable telescope – a tiny, implantable device that magnifies images. Eye specialists use this smart device to treat the macular degeneration problem. Following nutrient supplementation can be effective in lowering the risk of macular degeneration:

  • Zinc oxide – 80 mg
  • Copper (as cupric oxide) – 2 mg
  • Zeaxanthin – 2 mg
  • Lutein – 10 mg
  • Vitamin E – 400 IU
  • Vitamin C – 500 mg

In addition, with following precautions, one can easily either avoid or delay macular degeneration related problems:

  • Avoid smoking
  • Exercise regularly
  • Maintain normal blood pressure and cholesterol levels
  • Eat a healthy diet rich in green, leafy vegetables and fish
The friendly and knowledgeable team at Clear Lake Eye Center strive to provide the best care possible.
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Clear Lake Eye Center

  • 17040 Highway 3
  • Park Plaza 1
  • Webster, TX, 77598
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